Re: Toyohara Kunichika


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Posted by Dmitry Goldgaber on November 03, 2002 at 16:00:56:

In Reply to: Re: Toyohara Kunichika posted by Dick Illing on November 03, 2002 at 09:19:30:

: There is a print with a similar clock illustrated in Amy Newland's monograph on Kunichika 'Time past and present, Images of a forgotten master'[Hotei Publishing 1999] p.107. This is said to come from a series Mitate juniji no uchi, 'The twelve hours parodied' of 1874. Each print links a kabuki role with one of the twelve zodiacal animals associated with the daily cycle. The misrepresentation of the numerals is attributed solely to lack of understanding of Roman numbers.

Thank you so much Dick! I don't have the book, but I will definitely find it. I wonder if the pictures of the clock in other prints of the series are also incorrect?
At the beginning, when I saw the picture, I also thought that he was not familiar with Roman numbers with 4 depicted as IIII. But I learned later that the numbers are correct. This is how 4 was shown on the clock faces at that time. It is their position on the face of the clock that is incorrect. Yesterday, while searching Internet for the explanation of this picture, I found another print by Kunichiki from his series "From the Parody of Day and Night, Twenty Four Hours: 1:00 am" with the correct distribution of the numerals on the face of the clock. The Roman numbers were the same as in 1874 print with 4 shown as IIII, as it was done in European clocks of that time.
http://web-kiosk.scrippscollege.edu/VIEO*6$32**49870?View=Full+View
The information from the museum stated 1890 as the date of creation. May be Kunichiku learned how to draw faces of European clocks with Roman numbers by that time. Another possibility is that he had a stroke in 1874 in a non dominant part of his brain and later recovered. There is a "clock" test that is administered by neurologists to help in diagnosis of the damage caused by stroke. People with stroke in a non dominant part of the brain draw a picture of a clock that is very similar to the one made by Kunichike in 1974.
I would greatly appreciate if you can look at the book and find if pictures of clock faces are correct in other prints of the 1874 series.
Dmitry



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