Re: re:influence of japanes prints on impressionism


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Posted by John Fiorillo on September 28, 1999 at 09:11:47:

In Reply to: re:influence of japanes prints on impressionism posted by JO SHORT on September 19, 1999 at 20:14:06:

Jo,

I provided the following for a similar question many months ago. Perhaps it is a good place to start:

John

The effect of Japanese prints on Impression is often presented in terms of new ways of seeing the world, a breaking away from the academic European painting conventions that had constrained artists both in terms of subject matter and technique. Ukiyo-e prints depicted the everyday world of the average townspeople and the demi-monde of the pleasure quarters and the theaters, which appealed to the Impressionists who were inspired to explore their own lives rather than the academic subjects deemed worthy of attention by the old art academies. The techniques often cited in discussions about how Japanese prints influenced Impressionist art include the introduction of asymmetrical compositions, the use of flatter picture spaces (abandonment of strict one-point vanishing perspective, which led to multiple perspectives within a single composition), and brighter palettes leading to emotionally expressive, less "realistic" color.

Th topic is a broad one and there are many publications about the influence of Japanese prints on Impressionist art. Among those that have been useful to me are:

Dufwa, Jacques: Winds from the East: Manet, Degas, Monet, Whistler. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1981. ISBN: 0-391-02334-9.

Editors of Réalities: Impressionism. (English edition 1973; ISBN 399-11039-9).

Editors, Society for the Study of Japonisme: Japonisme in Art: An International Symposium. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1980. ISBN: 0-87011-455-7.

Ives, Colta: The Great Wave: The Influence of Japanese Woodcuts on French Prints. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1974. ISBN: 0-87099-098-5.

Mathews, N. & Shapiro, B.: Mary Cassatt: The Color Prints. New York: Abrams, 1989. ISBN 0-8109-1049-7.

Meech, J. & Weisberg, G.: Japonisme Comes to America: The Japanese Impact on the Graphic Arts 1876-1925. Rutgers: Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, 1990. ISBN: 0-8109-3501-5.

Weisberg, et al.: Japonisme: Japanese Influence on French Art 1854-1910. Cleveland Museum of Art, 1975. ISBN: 0-910386-22-6.

Wichmann, Siegfried: Japonisme: The Japanese Influence on Western artists in the 19th and 20th Centuries. New York: Park Lane, 1985. ISBN: 0-517-47976-1.

John



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